Creel DNA Project


Our project depends upon analysis of the DNA located on the Y chromosome of male participants. Every human being has 23 pairs of chromosomes, half of each pair coming from each parent. The 23rd chromosome pair determines the sex of an individual. Females have two X chromosomes and males have one X and one Y. If the fathers X sperm fertilizes the mother X egg, the XY results is a son. Because a male’s Y chromosome comes only from the father, it is an (almost always) exact copy of his father’s , his father’s fathers father’s father’s etc. However, over the course of many generations, some very slight changes, or mutations, do occur and are passed down.  

DNA testing labs select a number of specific sites ( markers) on various regions of the Y chromosome and report the number of mutations thereon as a series of numbers. The mutation rate is about one per 500 generations.

We have chosen Family Tree DNA for our “Y” chromosome project. For more information on DNA testing, including FAQ’s and other technical issues, look at Family Tree DNA web site. 

The following conclusions of the DNA studies by Dan Creel (moderator of the Creel DNA project ).

With the first six YDNA results in, there have been three distinct Creel lines identified.

1)   A “Virginia” line represented in Kit # 4HQ5G. Genealogical evidence proves this line back to William Creel of Virginia, 1703-1757.

2)      A “North Carolina” line represented in Kit # WPECQ.  This line has been proven back  to James Creel, first noted North Carolina, c 1766- May 1829; son of Sarah Mozingo and an unknown Creel father who probably lived in Dobbs County, NC. James moved to Marion County, South Carolina and many descendants still live in South Carolina.

3)      A “Barnwell” line represented by the other 8 test results. The “one way” discrepancy noted in Kit # 3N2WZ is considered to be due to a later mutation whereas genealogical proof has established that line back to the Barnwell Creels. Included within the Barnwell Creels are the lines of

a) Thomas Creel (m Elizabeth Dearman), c 1772-Oct 1859, Jones County, MS. Descendants live mainly in Mississippi and Louisiana.

b) William Creel (m Nancy Valentine), c 1774-July 1837, Barnwell County, SC. Descendants live mainly in southern Alabama and Florida.

c) Solomon Creel (m Mary ?) c 1795-bef 1860, AL. Evidence suggests Solomon was a nephew of Thomas and William Creel who were brothers, two sons of Thomas Creel and Charity Duke , who ended their days in Barnwell County, SC. Descendants of Solomon live mainly in Florida.

Another test kit will soon be initiated that may help to clarify the “one away” mutation of the Solomon Creel.

There remain several lines of Creel males that need to be clarified by YDNA tests, including:

a)      “Old Virginia”- many Creels still live there that have lineage back to the late 1600s. Tests would clarify links to other lines.

b)      “West Virginia”- the David-George line from Prince William County, VA, late 1700s.

c)      “Kentucky”-the Charles Creels-Sarah Stapp line from Orange County, VA, late 1700s. This line includes the “Old Mexico” branch of Reuben Waggoner Creel who has many living descendants in Mexico.

d)      “St. Louis”-Creel lines from Ireland, France, Germany and Slovokia have been noted on US censuses with some tied to St. Louis.

e)      “Other”- all other male Creels not identified with a definite lineage; tests would greatly help in their genealogy.

Latest Results

R1b and Subclades

Inheritance Chart

Creel Y-DNA Comparison (Relationship Chart)  ( Useful Sites )

  Ethnoancestry Results

Branches of L47
 Thanks to Mr. Moore